Vanuatu kastom is alive and thriving in 2016, as displayed here in these images and video taken yesterday at the inauguration of the new paramount chief of Mangaliliu, Mormor (the fourth in the lineage).
Photography by Adam Trau and Rex Turi.
Opposition MP Ralph Regenvanu points out that Port Vila already has the national convention centre planned for near Parliament. It was in place for the ACP meeting last year at the Le Lagon, he tells Daily Post today. The huge amount of funds for another complex “should be rather spent on so many other needs of the country such as schools, repair of government properties, infrastructure, better hospitals and clinics and roads in the islands”, suggests Regenvanu. Daily Post’s editorial takes the same line and points out the lack of maintenance of Vanuatu’s schools, hospitals and health centres. There’s also the issue of urban planning and green space: 90% of the Parliament Park will be taken up with this ugly, unwanted monstrosity. The people of Port Vila will have lost yet another precious open space for recreation.
A source within Government sheds light on why this future white elephant is proceeding: the Chinese Government is forcing the Vanuatu Government to accept the Vt 1.3 billion project, as the Chinese have already contracted the construction company, China Jiangsu Provincial Construction Co. Ltd, an enterprise owned by—you guessed it—the Chinese Government. A clear case of boomerang aid. Our source also informs us that the Vanuatu Government tried to back out of the deal, but China refuses to take no for an answer. The Vanuatu Government is normally very vocal about perceived interference from donor countries, but strangely silent on this matter. Why is this? Wasting money on this magnitude is deeply insulting to the people of Vanuatu, China.
DG of Infrastructure and Public Utilities, Johnson Binaru, points out that Bauerfield cannot be extended to take Boeing 747s. The geography of the area defeats such a plan. However, Binaru mentioned three proposals being considered to have 747 arrivals: an International Finance Corporation project “involving private partnership”, an MoA signed with the “Shanghai Corporation” and a package from the World Bank “Vanuatu can tap into.” All a bit too vague, surely, and what of Minister Lini’s friends, the Koreans, whose idea this 747 airport seems to be? What do they stand to gain from the proposal? The Secretary-General of Shefa Provincial Council, Michel Kalworai, has called an urgent meeting of the Vaturisu this week to discuss Ham Lini’s proposal.
A note for the budding aviation and infrastructure policy geniuses in Government and the private sector: the 747 is now over 46 years old and is being phased out. As commenter Alan Churchill points out, airlines today prefer smaller, cheaper, more efficient aircraft like the Boeing 767 and the Airbus A330, both of which require a runway length similar to what we already have, and both of which are capable of travelling from Asia.
Opposition MP Ralph Regenvanu insists that the Prime Minister investigate the transfer of a lease over the Lelema (Lelepa and Mangaliliu) lands in North Efate to developers for just two million vatu, reports Australian media outlets Radio Australia and Yahoo7, plus Radio Vanuatu News this morning. The matter has been in the courts since the chiefs of Mangaliliu and Lelepa discovered the land had been transferred to a Mele man by former Minister of Lands Steven Kalsakau. This lease was flipped to land developers Michel Monvoisin and Ludovic Bolliet just before Christmas.
Daily Post reports today that developer Michel Monvoisin delivered to the newspaper yesterday a consent to transfer document, signed by the present Lands Minister James Bule, showing a transfer fee of twenty million vatu and saying this was the amount paid for the land. The document that we have seen, and published on this website, clearly shows that the figure of Vt 20 million has been crossed out, the modification initialled and replaced with a figure of Vt 2 million.
But the amount paid is beside the point. The main issue is how the interests of the indigenous customary landholders, which the Constitution says the Minister of Lands and his staff have a duty to protect, were pushed aside in favour of moneyed foreigners. And Vt 20 million is still a pittance of a lease premium, considering its size and position.
The Prime Minister’s Office has announced the appointment of the colourful Jeff Joel Patunvanu as the Government’s public relations officer. Patunvanu has a chequered history as a self-styled ‘right-wing freedom fighter’, rabble-rouser, occasional Muslim, dabbler in Judaism and part-time Santo real-estate consultant. Patunvanu’s appointment is an odd choice for the Kilman Government, already suffering from poor credibility, but is in keeping with the general tone of Kilman’s administration to date.
The Efate land grab story we broke on Monday has got international attention — Radio Australia’s current affairs program Pacific Beat broadcast a story about the land grab on their afternoon program today. Here’s the transcript, taken from the Pacific Beat website, where you can also listen to the audio version of the story.
New concerns over loss of traditional land in Vanuatu
Landowners in Vanuatu are asking questions as to why a substantial parcel of traditional land has been handed over to investors, while court action challenging the lease is still underway.
Just before Christmas, Lands Minister James Bule, signed approval for 2300 hectares of prime land overlooking Vanuatu’s only World Heritage Area to be leased by investors with connections in New Caledonia.
Land and Justice Party Leader, Ralph Regenvanu, says the transaction should be investigated.
Presenter: Jemima Garrett
Speaker: Land and Justice Party Leader, Ralph Regenvanu, Siobhan McDonnell, from the Australian National University
GARRETT: This latest parcel of land sits high on the hills on the north coast of Efate – Vanuatu’s main island. It overlooks Lelepa Island and the Roi Mata World Heritage Area. For the last 3 years the traditional landowners, the Mangaliliu and Lelepa people, have been been working to protect it for future generations. Ralph Regenvanu, is Leader of Vanuatu’s land and Justice Party.
REGENVANU: It is very dissappointing [sic] to see a Minister like James Bule, who is a senior Minister completely going against the wishes of the custom landonwers which is what, you know, our consitution says, custom landowners are the ones who should have the total rights over their own land.
As predicted here in September, foreign business interests are behind the land grab of customary land in the Mangaliliu area, aided and abetted by the Minister of Lands, James Bule, and lessee Kalorip Poilapa. See the lease documents below.
Minister Bule helpfully signed the transfer of Poilapa’s ‘lease’ on the 2,300ha parcel of land over to cattle farmers and land developers Michel Monvoisin and Ludovic Bolliet just before Christmas, for the tiny sum of vt2,000,000, or just vt870 a hectare. At this price, the whole island of Efate could be purchased for just 78 million vatu. The lease area is larger than the entire Port Vila area.
Two years ago, the legitimate kastom land owners, the people of Mangaliliu and Lelepa, began work on creating a legal mechanism to protect their birthright—their land—from land grabs by foreign (and domestic) land speculators. But the Minister of Lands at the time, Steven Kalsakau, ignored them and instead gave approval to a lease on the land to Kalorip Poilapa of Mele, who, it is now clear, was acting as a proxy for Monvoisin and Bolliet. When this was made public, Kalsakau lied and said he didn’t sign the consent, but we proved that he did.
And the saddest part? Under Vanuatu’s current laws, this ‘thievery’ is perfectly legal. The Land Reform Act [Cap 123] gives the Minister for Lands the power to approve leases on behalf of customary owners if the land is in dispute. All you have to do is create a fake ‘dispute’, go to the current Minister of Lands, and he’ll sign the lease for you… although a bag of cash is said to help focus Ministers’ minds.
As we understand it, injunctions were already in place over the original lease to Poilapa. So further dealing should not have been possible.
The 2006 National Land Summit resolved to put an end to this unfortunate loophole, but when this was put to the Council of Ministers in 2008, they rejected it. They wouldn’t want to bite the hand that feeds them, would they?
Last month saw Man Efate out on the streets of Vila protesting the death of an elderly man. Will we see Man Efate take to the streets again to protest the legalised robbery of their graon by their own Government?
We must close this loophole, and now.
Lelema-bule-transfer-to-monvoisin.pdf (PDF, 683kb)
In this morning’s post, Steven Kalsakau claims that he didn’t sign the Lelema lease. He’s lying. He did, and here is his signature on the lease document (on the second and third pages) for everyone to see.
A Vanuatu National Provident Fund (VNPF) media briefing was yesterday told of the astonishing shortfall of Vt 152 million in the 2011 accounts of the VNPF. This was “due to over-allocation of funds to members,” Daily Post reports today. Daily Post attended a media briefing by an Australian volunteer, Ross Steel, recruited to help the VNPF. Steel had drafted the amendment to the VNPF Act which was shelved by the Finance Minister Moana Carcasses when Government ran out of time to complete its legislative programme. Steel says the amendment will force the VNPF to act in the best interests of its members. This blog was questioned concerning the Vt 152 million loss figure back in mid-August when the situation concerning the VNPF was very tense. Our use of it is now justified. No explanation was given as to where the money went, or what sort of systematic failure caused this, or what measures are now in place to prevent this from occurring again.
VNPF management are still not being straight with us. The actual loss appears to be slightly higher, and their 2011 financials have now mysteriously vanished from their website. VNPF’s 2011 Annual report, previously available on their website, has been removed in the past few weeks. As we have reported previously, page 32 of this report shows a loss of Vt 156 million for the general reserve account, which are the funds kept in reserve to pay out members’ entitlements. Why is this amount in the negative? Why did the VNPF’s Read the rest of this entry »